Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

By the end of this module, you will be able to:

  1. List at least 2 common side effects/risks of opioid pain medications, especially with concurrent benzodiazepine use.
  2. List at least 3 reasons to use the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) to confirm patient's history and home opioid use, and to assist with discharge communication with outpatient pain physician.
  3. List specific indications for prescription of naloxone nasal spray or injector.

Target Audience

  • Medical students in years 1 through 3
  • Advanced undergraduate and years 1 and 2 Masters Nursing students
  • Dental students in year 3
  • Students in year 2 of a doctoral physical therapy program

Case Description

The module follows Mrs. Wright, a 65-year-old woman with a past medical history that includes:

  • Chronic low back pain
  • Anxiety
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic kidney disease

At home, she takes the following medications (in addition to other medications she takes for her other conditions):

  • Opioid pain medications
  • Benzodiazepines

In addition, Mrs. Wright recently was hospitalized for surgical repair of an ankle fracture. Her pain was appropriately managed during her stay and she is now ready for discharge.

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