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Morgen Ahearn

San Diego Patient Safety Council

Daniel Burkhardt, MD

Ramana Naidu, MD

Mark Latronica, MD

Philip Bickler, MD, PhD

Matthias Behrends, MD

Alok Sharma, MD

Marie Lim


This curriculum resource was supported with funding from the NIH Pain Consortium, which approves the educational value of the information provided. The authors listed on this resource are responsible for its content, and questions may be directed to their Center of Excellence in Pain Education (url). The NIH Pain Consortium provides these evidence-based curriculum resources on pain management as a service to academic medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy and other health professional schools.

This resource is for educational purposes and is not intended as medical practice guidelines. Evidence-based practices may have changed since the publication of the resource.


University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco