Resources and References

References

  • American Academy of Orofacial Pain. https://www.aaop.org
  • American Psychological Association. Five tips to help manage stress; 2018. https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/manage-stress.aspx
  • Cady R, Schreiber C, Farmer K, Sheftell F. Primary headaches: A convergence hypothesis. Headache 2002 Mar;42(3):204-216.
  • Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Löwe B. An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: The PHQ-4. Psychosomatics 2009;50:613-621.
  • Lipton RB, Dodick D, Sadovsky RE, Kolodner K, Endicott J, Hettiarachchi J, Harrison W. A self-administered screener for migraine in primary care: The ID Migraine™ validation study. Neurology 2003 Aug 12;61(3):375-82.
  • Schreiber CP. The pathophysiology of primary headache. Primary Care 2004 Jun;31(2):261-276.

Image Credits

Acknowledgements

University of Pittsburgh

  • Cheryl D. Bernstein, MD1, †
    • Case Leader
  • Michael J. Schneider, DC, PhD4,5
    • Case Content Expert
  • Jordan F. Karp, MD3, †
    • Case Content Expert
  • Paul A. Moore, DMD, PhD, MPH7
    • Case Content Expert
  • Antonia Teruel, DMD, MS, PhD§
    • Case Content Expert
  • Zsuzsa Horvath, PhD6,7
    • CoEPE Director
  • Debra K. Weiner, MD ‡,1,2,3,4
    • CoEPE Co-Director

1School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology; 2School of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine; 3School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry; 4Clinical and Translational Science Institute; 5School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy; 6School of Dental Medicine, Office of Faculty Affairs; 7School of Dental Medicine, Department of Dental Public Health

Non-University of Pittsburgh Related Appointments:

UPMC Pain Medicine at Centre Commons; §A.T. Still University | Arizona School of Dentistry and Oral Health; VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center.

Funding

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse for funding the Center of Excellence in Pain Education

Administration and Planning

  • Center of Excellence in Pain Education Faculty Team
  • Denise Deverts, Translational Research Facilitator, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for her administrative support

Support

  • Bernard J. Costello, Dean, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for his support of the project 
  • Thomas W. Braun, Former Dean, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for his support of the project 
  • Rob A. Rutenbar, Senior Vice Chancellor for Research, University of Pittsburgh, for his support of the project
  • Mark S. Redfern, Former Vice Provost for Research, University of Pittsburgh, for his support of the project
  • Deans of the Health Sciences School, University of Pittsburgh, for their support of the project
  • Support Staff, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for administrative and technical support
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Standardized Patient Program
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy, for providing a recording location

Internal Review

  • Michael Elnicki, MD,  Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
  • Nina Markovic, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Dental Public Health, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine.
  • Ajay Wasan, MD, Department Chair, Pain Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
  • Carol Washburn, EdD, Director, Center for Scholarship in Teaching and Learning in Nursing, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

Production

  • Michael Dziabiak, Media Specialist, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for direction, camera, and sound and video editing
  • Jordan Hammill, Instructional Technologist, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, lighting, camera and sound recording
  • Alexander Kropinak, Instructional Technologist, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, for lighting, camera and sound recording
  • Andrew Miller, for portraying the role of “Joe”

Transcription

  • Theodore Kondrich, student, University of Pittsburgh, for transcribing clinical vignettes

Profession-Specific Contributions and Review

  • Sandra Engberg, Associate Dean for Graduate Clinical Education, Professor, Department of Health Promotion & Development, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing
  • Laurie Knepper, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
  • Adam Popchak, DPT, PhD, SCS, Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences for providing the supplemental materials 
  • Jennifer Pruskowski, PharmD, BCPS, BCGP, CPE, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy
  • Alyson Stover, MOT, JD, OTR/L, BCP, Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

Disclaimer

This curriculum resource was supported with funding from the NIH Pain Consortium, which approves the educational value of the information provided. The authors listed on this resource are responsible for its content, and questions may be directed to their Center of Excellence in Pain Education. The NIH Pain Consortium provides these evidence-based curriculum resources on pain management as a service to academic medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy and other health professional schools.

This resource is for educational purposes and is not intended as medical practice guidelines. Evidence-based practices may have changed since the publication of the resource.

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